Diverse Net­works
Rot­ter­dam | the Netherlands


Pub­lic trans­porta­tion is a shared pas­sen­ger trans­porta­tion ser­vice which is avail­able for use by the gen­eral pub­lic. Dif­fer­ent sys­tems over­laps to reach every cor­ner of the city form­ing a net­work made of lines, nodes and points.
Rot­ter­dam is very well con­nected by pub­lic trans­porta­tion sys­tem which is formed by bus, metro, rail­way, tram and cov­ers in total 634 km in length.
In a bio­di­ver­sity point of view, the net­work is a key point for con­serv­ing habi­tats: wildlife (what­ever are the species dom­i­nat­ing a cer­tain habi­tat) has to be free to reach eco­log­i­cal cores, the step­ping­stones, using con­nec­tions. DIVERSE NETWORKS is based on a very sim­ple ques­tion: Which is, in an urban envi­ron­ment, the most extended, exist­ing net­work? Pub­lic trans­porta­tion! Human net­works, in cen­turies devel­oped and diver­si­fied to reach even the more remote part of the city. DIVERSE NETWORKS pro­pose to reuse, adapt and rein­vent pub­lic trans­porta­tion net­work to make them suit­able for both humans and bio­di­ver­sity. Intrigu­ing new designs can be devel­oped for flex­i­ble struc­tures, like bus stops and metro sta­tions which pro­vide shel­ter for the pas­sen­gers and for­age con­di­tions for birds. Street pro­files can be smartly re-​​imagined to be use­ful for busses and trams and in the same time high­ways for insects. Rail­ways will grow greener and will be repop­u­lated with but­ter­flies and dragonflies.



By reusing pub­lic trans­porta­tion infra­struc­tures, Diverse Net­works aims to restore bio­di­ver­sity. In facts, in our cities built areas, indus­trial sites and trans­port infra­struc­tures frag­men­tise nat­ural habi­tats. This dis­con­nected land­scape results in an extremely poor urban ecosys­tem made of uncon­nected eco­log­i­cal niches. Diverse Net­works it’s not a new green super­im­posed green infra­struc­ture, but rather a new hybrid sys­tem that can com­bine the need of a shared pas­sen­gers net­works together with a densely spread eco­log­i­cal system.






GIS map­ping are show­ing the sci­en­tific base of Diverse Net­works. The typolo­gies of veg­e­ta­tion, the loca­tion and exten­sion of the dif­fer­ent species, the main­te­nance regime to which they are sub­ject are all infor­ma­tions needed to under­stand the eco­log­i­cal poten­tial of the city and con­se­quently guid­ing the strategy.