Tag Archive: albania

  1. Agro Tourism Albania
    Qeparo | Albania

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    How can agriculture, tourism and spatial planning work together in a circular model, adding maximum value to a sustainable year round local economy? Experts from the Netherlands, Italy and Switzerland and Arber Togani, winner of Master Chef Albania, have explored combinations and collaborations between the agricultural sector, production and processing, the tourism sector and spatial design. A great number of local stakeholders have teamed up for this project- with the international experts and business people who have worked on a model for tourism and agriculture, integrating the sectors where possible and working on profitable business models for individual entrepreneurs. Getting to the core of the uniqueness and traditions of the area while looking for ways to innovate at the same time.

     

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    Qeparo, is a village in the southern coast of Albania. Divided in the more recent lower Qeparo and the historical upper Qeparo, has suffered from the Albanian Diaspora that caused a great loss of human capital, which mainly moved to Greece, with consequent neglect of buildings and agricultural fields. Today the village, as many others in the coastal area, is facing return immigration of the ‘natives’, and has the opportunity to be revitalized with agro-tourism. The landscape with its products, can be the starting point for a new prosperity.

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    The exploratory mission consisted in creating a common table where local entrepreneurs, international experts, local policy makers and tourist operators could share their opinions and wishes, and resulted in the identification of several business cases. In less than 2 months five business cases found interested parties and investors willing to bring the cases into realization. 

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    Restore the Aqueduct. The old irrigation channel bears the potential of reactivating terraces by providing continuous irrigation. A surface of 161.000sqm of terraces would need an amount of water ranging from 9660-20.125 cubic meters. Solving the summer irrigation demand can foster a more intensive cultivation (mixed-farming) of the terraces and consequential better maintenance. That will result in a drastic improvement of the local landscape aesthetic and productive qualities. By restoring the water inlet the, channel can feed the terraces and becomes a touristic attraction as well. In-fact, a very simple path can run along the infrastructure rendering it accessible, and becoming a new alternative pedestrian connection to link Qeparo with Borsh.

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    The Perfect Hectare. The agriculture areas of Qeparo, similarly to other villages of the region, are characterized by the monoculture of the olive tree. Although the climate and soil typology allow a broader range of potential crops, there is an extremely low agro-biodiversity.
    The goal of the ‘Perfect Hectare’ is to create a model, a tool for the farmers, of mix-farming. The case is about growing more and diversified crops beneath the olive grove canopy, bearing in mind that the light and moisture conditions are peculiar.
    The hectare is a square of 100m edge, containing 196 olive trees and divided in 4 equal areas as following: 1. Lettuce and Radicchio, 2. Zucchini and Pumpkin, 3. Grass and Alfalfa, 4. Asparagus. The first 3 areas have to rotate every year while the Asparagus has a 10 years life span.

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    Taking advantage of the local potential agro-biodiversity means than the food supply can be strengthen and diversified. The culinary industry can take direct advantage of a broader choice of ingredients. Alongside the Masterchef winner Arber Togani, we delved into the landscape a discovered forgotten ingredients that the chef used to reinterpret the tradition in a modern dish. 

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    The ‘Shepherd Path’.  Is the experience of following the herd alongside the shepherds; the services are two-fold: 1. The daily grazing: from October to June, is a 5 hours track. It starts and ends at the shepherd downhill shed. 2. The transhumance: in June, when the herd moves in the mountain for the summer. Is a 2 days track, 2 nights of camping, where the shepherds cook dishes of the tradition. The track starts from the downhill shed to the mountains. In September, the transhumance goes down-hill following the animals from the mountains to the base shed in the valley. The shed area in the mountains bears the potential of being developed in the interests of the shepherds and the tourists, as following: 1. a water reservoir of 130.000L (dimensioned for a 500 sheep herd); 2. a paved gathering point with a central space for bonfire; 3. basic services to assist the campers;

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  2. Site Visit | March 2016
    the traveller and the olive grove
    Qeparo | Albania

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    Qeparo, is a village in the southern coast of Albania. Divided in the more recent lower Qeparo and the historical upper Qeparo, has suffered from the Albanian Diaspora that caused a great loss of human capital, which mainly moved to Greece, with consequent neglect of buildings and agricultural fields. Today the village, as many others in the coastal area, is facing return immigration of the ‘natives’, and has the opportunity to be revitalized with agro-tourism. The landscape with its products, can be the starting point for a new prosperity. Spatial and planning proposal will follow soon…

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  3. Lifelines
    Berat | Albania

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    Approaching an island doesn’t mean to approach a defined fragment of territory. An island is part of the larger organism of the river, and is the river the natural element under our spotlight. The dependence of the Osumi Island to its river is so evident that is not even possible to define the shape of the island, continuously transforming with the varying water levels to the extreme of disappearing. In our proposal we consequentially start by addressing a more resilient water system that can absorb risks and vulnerabilities and develop its own cultural and recreational identity. Osumi Island is part of it; its context makes the island unique. The Unesco heritage site and the urban context integrates with the natural system of the river generating a all new range of possible scenarios and a new cultural gravity which is urban, by nature. 

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    Our proposal aims to reconnect cities (in our case Berat) to the river, connection that has faded in many situations, if not even lost. Establish an interdependence is the trigger for addressing urbanites to sustainably take advantage of the water resource rather that a careless exploitation.

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    The project redefines the public space of the city of Berat, introducing more space for temporary and fixed uses, related to different programs. Following the logic inTroduced by the project the new bridge, the “frame” and the path connecting Bulvardi Repulika are considered “fixed /established” spaces that offer ground to “temporary / mobile” events.

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    The Island adapts itself to the different levels of the water generating an always- changing landscape around and in the pool. While the pool itself gives extra volume for the water to reduce flooding risk, it creates the conditions for a variety of new recreational scenarios.

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    The planting species are selected on the basis of different aspects. First of all species are all indigenous and part of the local riparian landscape. They are divided is three categories: (1) plants and trees above the water level, (2) plants on wet soil, temporary flooded, (3) plants constantly on wet soil, often flooded. The species selection is driven by their biological and aesthetic characteristic as capacity to: increase the water quality, consolidate the slopes and decrease the erosion, capability of attracting wildlife, blossoming quality.

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    The ‘filter embankment’ is the element that defines the new island. It consists of a layered structure of gravel and stones of different grain sizes. It works as a horizontal filter: the water of the river infiltrates into the embankment before gathering into the water basin. In the inner part, selected vegetation works as a second phytoremediation filter, oxygenating the water and reducing pollutants. The whole system is supported by a steel structure and has a path running on the top.

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    The waterfront is a performative urban edge. The runoff water is addressed to the edge, where stepped phytoremediation planting purifies the water before it flows into the river. The sidewalk is enlarged in order to improve the pedestrian experience, and the waterfront is accessible allowing people to finally ‘touch’ the water. An urban dike is added by raising the sidewalk to avoid flooding where the current water edge is too low.

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  4. Unveiling the Riviera
    Southern Riviera | Albania

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    The southern Riviera has an incredible array of different landscapes and under-exploited attractions. A lack of accessibility on the local scale prevents visitors to enjoy the region and its local qualities. Accessibility however, is a sensitive topic. We want to make the various attractions accessible, but we don’t want to spoil the ‘adventure’ allure of this landscape, and we are conscious that new connections, if not supported by clear rules and guidelines, can increase unregulated development. Our proposal uses the existing panoramic road as a backbone for a new system that can expand the recreation potential of the area. Multifunctional platforms along the road are the starting points for trails that connect the road with the many and diverse attractions. Open air activities, local productions and urban life are linked in one comprehensive body that take maximum advantage of the existing qualities and become carrier of new sustainable development.

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    In our vision is key to understand that approaching the coastal area alone is a mistake. The region has to be approached in its whole structure, a complex sequence of different landscapes intertwined together and dependent of each other. By increasing the accessibility and promoting a year-round program we aim to activate the cities and the villages, the agriculture fields and the wetland, the beaches and the mountains. A new identity where the wild atmosphere and the local traditions are preserved and form the foundation for a respectful and profitable us of the landscape.

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    The SH97 and SH98 roads already have several platforms along their routes. Asphalt surfaces used as parking spaces during the summer period are empty during the rest of the year. These areas are the starting point of a system of trails that connect the road with different urban and natural attractions, and they embed the possibility for a more extensive use throughout the whole year. In fact they can be used as multimodal platforms flexible to host a series of scenarios and events in relation with the seasons and based on the sustainable exploitation of the local qualities.

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    The southern Riviera has already all the potentials to go beyond its 2-month touristic season and become a year-round attraction. Let’s take for example December, January and February, a period when the beaches are empty and the tourism in the area is virtually non-existent. Citrus and olives harvest can be exploited as a cultural/educative attraction; bird-watching reaches it’s maximum interest because of migrations passing through the area; horseback riders can enjoy the countryside as well as the snowy mountains within a short distance; periodical local markets showcasing typical products as olive oil, honey, mountain tea, mussels can attract visitors off-seasons.

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    The trails that connect the platforms at the main road with the different attraction point become an experience on their own. View points, art pieces, different landscapes and a variety of programatic possibilities mark the path facilitating the orientation and transforming it into an exciting journey.

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  5. Lecture | Feb 2014
    UniPolis University
    Tirana | Albania

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    Openfabric has presented to UniPolis’ students and teachers some of the latest office projects following the theme of ‘the wild dream’. The role of wild vegetation in urban contexts as well as people’s relation with ‘real’ wilderness have been under the spot light of the lecture. Special attention has been given to our strategy for the ‘Riviera’ southern coastal area of Albania.