Tag Archive: masterplan

  1. Genova Green Strategy
    Genova | Italy

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    Genova Green Strategy is a strategy aimed at increasing public green spaces and restructuring public spaces in Genova. The document establishes a series of objectives aimed at increasing soil permeability, mitigating environmental risks and redefining the relationship between city and nature.
    The strategy proposes a new interpretation of the city and defines guidelines and pilot projects for the design of open spaces in the short, medium and long term.
    A large urban forestry project where thousands of new trees and green spaces are organised according to qualitative and quantitative criteria.
    The ambition is to provide the city with a strategic document capable of transforming Genova into an international reference in redefining the relationship between nature and city, an example to follow in terms of mitigating hydrogeological risks and adapting to climate change.

    Multiple urban morphologies coexist in Genova; not only the various local identities of its neighbourhoods, but distinct and autonomous morphologies alternate, narrating the encounter -sometimes conflictual- between the natural territory and the built city.
    Genova is interpreted as a complex puzzle where 6 cities alternate: the “plain city”, the “uphill city”, the “archipelago city”, the “garden city”, the “agricultural city”, the “compact city”.

    Genova Green Strategy defines the guidelines that enable to act on all the districts of the city. The neighbourhoods themselves become a permeable, porous and performative green infrastructure, capable of functioning as a diffuse and capillary ecological network

    Genova Green Strategy defines a system of priorities that includes ongoing development and regeneration projects and, at the same time, identifies a series of new possible interventions.

    The coastal system, the valleys system and two large “parks” are identified: the “Grande Parco Ponente” with a technological vocation, and the “Grande Parco Levante” with an agricultural and cultural one. The strategy also identifies a number of “gates”, linking spaces of various natures that connect the city with the hinterland. All together these systems reorient the traditional perception of Genova as mere seaside city, towards an articulated and complex urban reality, which has in its diversity of landscapes its essential identity.



  2. Shenzhen Terraces
    Shenzhen | China

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    Shenzhen Terraces, is a new part of the city, that will form the core of the thriving university neighbourhood in Universiade New Town, Longgang District, Shenzhen, acting as a new three-dimensional urban living room. The 101,300-square-metre, mixed-use development for the Shimao ShenKong International Centre contains more than 20 programs, including a small gallery, library, and outdoor theatre.
    Shenzhen Terraces aims to bring vitality and innovation to the area through a seamless integration of landscape, leisure, commerce, and culture. Located in the heart of the Longgang district at the meeting point of high-rise housing, commercial complexes, and sports and educational facilities, the site is ideally located to serve as a defining public space within the region.
    The central concept of Shenzhen Terraces is to merge the existing landscape with the new development by using stacked plateaus for its various buildings. The predominantly horizontal lines of the terraces contrast with the vertical lines of the surrounding high-rises to bring about a sense of tranquillity through their slow curving shapes.


    Shenzhen is a metropolis defined by hills of lush vegetation. The topography of the city has allowed the presence of a number of ecological cores which act as islands. The design of the landscape is inspired by such green pockets, overgrown with multi-layered sub-tropical vegetation. Different pebbles compose a design that showcases and enhances local biodiversity, while offering a variety of open space programmatic opportunities.

    The definition of the planting species has been led by a research aimed to re-propose the sub-tropical forest typology, bringing wild nature into the plot with several lush pockets which will contribute to make Shenzhen a city where naturare percolates, fostering a sharper encounter between the city and the wilderness.


    Bringing wild nature into the plot with several lush pockets will contribute to make Shenzhen a city where naturare percolates, fostering a sharper encounter between the city and the wilderness.


  3. Parco del Ponte
    Genova | Italy

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    The “Parco del Ponte” is not a single park: the park is made up of five distinct parks that alternate and intertwine, responding to the articulated complexity of Polcevera Valley. The project responds to the different -rather conflicting- identities of the valley, proactively avoiding any forced simplification which wouldn’t pay respect to the multiple souls of the site and the city. The community, the river, the industry, the railway and the hills are the elements that emerge as layers of a juxtapose palimpsest of a valley that has been and -must continue to be- one of the main driving forces of a city that seeks re-birth.


    The “Parco del Ponte” is a large-scale urban strategy that proposes to intervene in the urban fabric with micro-interventions in order to generate a new urban structure centered around public space and ecology.
    A thoughtful approach that addresses a bottom-up multi-folded strategy which complements the necessary top down approach of the infrastructural reality of the valley.



    The project responds to the different -rather conflicting- identities of the valley, proactively avoiding any forced simplification which wouldn’t pay respect to the multiple souls of the site and the city


    The project doesn’t challenge nor mimic the large-scale infrastructure of the new bridge but -rather, it looks downwards at the intimate human scale of the district life

    The “Parco del Ponte” are an opportunity to consolidate a fragile territory by stabilizing hilly slopes, reducing river flood hazard and reclaiming a soil that has been polluted by the presence of over a century of massive industrial production.



    The “Parco del Ponte” has the potential to revive the industrial identity by directing it towards small and medium-sized high-tech companies and thus catalyze the many research realities present in the territory.

  4. Central Park
    Kaliningrad | Russia

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    Central Parks are green islands within cities, where a natural landscape contrasts with the surrounding urban setting. Such contrast -we believe- is where the quality lies and the limit between Park and City is where the transition can be more dramatically experienced. Our proposal for Central Park Kaliningrad, is an “Island in an Island”, where the insular identity of the park is maximized by digging a new canal, transforming the edge in a new rich and diverse urban experience.

    Oktyabrsky island, is a partially artificial land which demanded massive investment to be realized. The project of the Park aims to be sustainable both financially and technically. The excavated land from the perimetrical canal, is reused in order to form landforms, unique symbols of the future park. The current acid soil, is diversified (by adding layers of alkaline one) in order to create a neutral and basic soils, in addition to the acid one. The resulting landscapes will follow the soil chemical composition avoiding a mere top-down, neo-pastoral approach but, rather generating a park genuinely part of the site ecosystem.

    The urgency of the changing climate, alongside a new understanding of human responsibility, lead the project to be based on one of the main natural resources: soil. The varying acidity of the different layers provide the conditions for different habitats responding to the ground conditions, rather that recreating a fictitious scenography.

    Our project takes the quality of the transition and multiply it by three. The transition becomes here not only a separation between city and park but, through the digging of a canal and the formation of an island, the edge becomes simultaneously city, waterfront, canal and park. 



    Bridges are not meant as simple infrastructures, but they are public spaces able to intercept the different target groups of Kaliningrad. The 4 main bridges (Cloud, Net, Triple, Smart) create the ground for specific social practices and recreational activities, while becoming new landmarks of accessibility. 



    Oktyabrsky island, is a partially artificial land which demanded massive investment to be realized. The project of the Park aims to be sustainable both financially and technically. The excavated land from the perimetrical canal, is reused in order to form a hill, unique symbol of the future park.








  5. Revealing Geometries
    Kaliningrad | Russia

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    Kaliningrad is a city defined by a long and complex history: the palimpsest of the different trances of the past have been –for the most part- erased by the World War. Nevertheless, the project site is one of the few parts of the city that have survived, and is currently witness the different epochs that the city has gone through; the upper and lower pond of Teutonic’s Knights, the military defense infrastructures of the Prussians and the Soviet public park. Despite its cultural relevance, the park has been left abandoned for decades, and the historical infrastructures have turned into ruins. 


    “Revealing Geometries” takes shape physically and conceptually, from the fact that ruins can become –as a radical form of preservation- the matrix for a new identity, and similarly, untamed nature the matrix for a rich natural ecosystem. The recognition of the site as a form of archeological park – gives the opportunity to secure in time and space the traces of the past, transforming them into a new cultural/education infrastructure at public disposal. 

    While radical preservation defines the general approach, two design actions are re-defining the park(s): (1) retracing the former path system of the Prussian’s Wallpromeade and (2) defining new geometries that can enhance the rich cultural/environmental context of the area while hosting new programmatic opportunities. 



    The geometrical spatial definition of the “devices” -responding to the military defense infrastructure and Prussian landscape gardening design language- overlaps with the parks in seven different locations. They are as intensive design interventions centered around the main features of the site (water, ruins, topography, etc.); they are program-less objects that create the conditions for temporary occupation, while permanently highlighting the cultural and environmental diversity of the park, and more broadly, of the ring to-come.


    The park is in-fact a system of 2 parks defined by autonomous identities: Kashtanovy Park and Litovsky Park, tight together by a comprehensive strategy. It bears the potential of rethinking the former ring as a whole: a new infrastructure that can host social and ecological interaction, while bringing back the historical layers as evidences to pass-on to future generations. 










  6. Parco Reggia di Rivalta
    Reggio Emilia | Italy

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    The “Parco della Reggia di Rivalta” although its empty appearance, is a ground that has been occupied by several functions over time: it has been administrated by several owners, and it has gone through both splendor and decay. In the public imaginary, the park is associated with the garden realized in the first half of the 18th century –now lost- where the reference to Versailles Garden was sharp and recognizable. Yet, the site has been witnessing a number of histories and not just one.
    The plurality of the past traces become main ingredients of the design, a palimpsest which doesn’t give priority only to the historical garden, but also refers to the different epochs, including its rural past and its current use as a public park.


    A perimetral boulevard hosts a number of ‘design intensities’ while assuring a complete accessibility of the site. The boulevard creates a frame that defines a inner rural park: agricultural land is here rendered accessible by diagonal paths, that refer to both the enlighten landscape design principles as much as to the agricultural pattern of the region.



    The park becomes a platform for several programmatic scenarios, from local ones to national or even international events. The park aims to bridge the gap between conservation and change, reinterpreting the traces of the past in a contemporary park able to respond to the local yet global identity of Reggio Emilia.








  7. Archipelago of Knowledge
    Rotterdam | Netherlands

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    The Archipelago of Knowledge is a new spatial strategy for the city of Rotterdam, Netherlands, that reconsiders the relationship between port and city. Through the fragmentation of areas within the port, a series of islands are created, subsequently enabling the formation of a continuous, 100% accessible waterfront. Urban and ecological quality embedded in the direct relationship between city and water is re-established and enhanced, benefitting both citizens and the maritime cluster.

    The new linear waterfront finally brings water back to the city – a city that often lacks a direct relationship with its largest water body, the Maas River, despite its close proximity and historical and cultural significance. The new system goes beyond administrative boundaries and fragmentation, unifying ongoing efforts of port revitalization and creating one coherent urban vision. The strategy itself, before its implementation, can be seen as a tool to bring together a diverse group of actors; from the city, the maritime cluster, the port, and local communities. Additionally, the waterfront can become a shared space for negotiation where the interests and needs of various stakeholders are discussed in order to find points of intersection and mutual interest.

    The new islands are spatially defined areas where economic and planning scenarios unfold through time. Although their shape is fixed, their program, be it maritime, commercial, residential or recreational, can freely occupy the space according to future economic trends, needs, and decisions, ensuring a new beneficial relationship between port and city.


    The port areas are fragmented into islands, resulting in the formation of a continuous, 100% accessible, waterfront

    The waterfront is a system that goes beyond administrative borders and fragmentation but rather unifies the ongoing efforts of port revitalization into one, coherent urban vision





    Port expansion has always implied dramatic transformations of the river landscape. The port has expanded and transformed through time, occupying more and more surface. The time has come, now, with changing conditions of the port economy, to re-orient land transformations to the advantage of the city and its people.


  8. Site Visit | Oct 2016
    Maritime Cluster
    Rotterdam | Netherlands

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    We have been commissioned by Delta Metropole and Erasmus University to investigate with a research-by-design process, the spatial consequences of the different economic and environmental scenarios that he harbor of Rotterdam is facing.
    The scenarios under our spot light include the shift from the leading global oil economy towards a more local, ‘home-made’ one; the potential shrinking of the harbor activity due to the pressing competition of Asian shipping industries and harbors; and eventually, disruptions caused by major climatic events.













  9. 2πR
    Undefined | Italy

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    Post Rural

    The science park is a campus that will be located in the proximity of Italy’s National Deposit of nuclear waste, which will host the waste produced daily in the country by industries, medical centers, and research institutes. The location, thought, has not yet been defined, meaning that our project should be adaptable to different conditions and flexible to different landscape typologies. Working on the italian context gives us extra responsibility, as the italian agro-landscape is of great importance to national heritage. 

    The campus establishes new relation of mutual interest and inter-dependence by binding human settlement with sustainable exploitation of ecosystem services generated by the rural context.

    At the same time, reckless urbanization, if not downright illegal buildings, defaced this heritage making the ‘Bel Paese’, for large part a continuous ‘widespread’ city where the net boundary between town and country, the main quality of historic towns, has vanished. Our plan has the ambition of creating a new model of urban development in rural areas that can serve as an example. Starting with the urban vision carried out by the English Garden City movement lead by Ebenezer Howard at the end of 1800s, the design shares some of the movement’s principles, but takes into consideration the strong criticism that the movement has received over time. We made a move away from the very reasons that dragged the Garden City to a generic suburban ‘green’, which has lost over time its theoretical force, to propose a post-rural approach. An approach that is not an undefined hybrid between the two conditions urban-rural, but a defined system that establishes a new relationship between the urban area (the Science Park) and the rural areas.  The relationship is one of mutual interest and inter-dependence, binding human settlement with sustainable exploitation of ecosystem services generated by the rural context. The proposed Science Park is a new urban model that has as its main objective the preservation of Italian landscape heritage and indissolubly binds technological development to a sustainable use of natural resources.

    three landscapes

    Anti Sprawl

    ‘Sprawl’ is the product of  the ‘diffuse city’.  It is the endless  built space that has blurred the division between city and countryside, redefining cities as metropolitan areas. In the medieval city, for example, this separation was defined by city walls that divided the inhabited areas from the countryside serving as defence from foreign attacks. In our project we apply the same principle of the ‘functional limit’ which the purpose clearly not being for defence, but rather to satisfy the need for infrastructures and sustainable mobility.



    The Science Park is conceived at the center of a network that links research institutes, the university and industries in a system of mutual benefit. Priority will be given to the companies dealing with renewable energy production.



    The park is, though, in close proximity to, and will develop strong relationships with, the surrounding areas in which it will be located in order to become a driver of innovation far beyond its borders. The nearby cities and villages will take advantage of and benefit from the Science Park through job creation and improvement of (mobility) infrastructures.




    Reduce, reuse, recycle.
    Each company located in the Science Park will produce a programmatic document to reduce CO2, employ energy saving measures, and develop a system to create awareness and training courses for employees, including classes and incentives.








  10. Da-Ring
    Rotterdam | Netherlands

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    Ring roads are motorway systems build around a town or a city. Such infrastructures are often  barriers that separate the city into an internal and external part; they reduce physical connectivity between parts and they disconnect functions. The areas next to these infrastructures have a very specific programmatic typology.  With time they have attracted program that was not disadvantaged by the disturbed conditions that the highway creates (noise, pollution, disconnection…) such as industrial areas and warehouses.

    On the other hand, these areas have also been occupied by large scale open and recreational spaces such has parks, allotments gardens, golf courses, and Zoos. But, even more interesting, ring roads have created ‘no man’s land’, unused leftover spaces where it is not possible to build (yet) and that haven’t been dedicated to specific functions. No use, and no identity.

    But, if we look at the trends in mobility, we know traffic conditions will improve: smart mobility technologies and sharing systems might reduce the number of cars and the needed space for traffic. Furthermore, the diffusion of the electric cars will reduce noise and cut environmental pollution. Assuming such trends won’t be disregarded and the environmental conditions of these areas, next to and within highways, will dramatically improve in the coming 1 or 2 decades, what is the future of motorway landscapes in cities? What is the future of ring roads landscapes? What is the future of the A20 and the Northern part of Rotterdam?

    Rotterdam will build a new by-pass by 2023 that will reduce the traffic on the northern part of the ring road. We strongly suggest refraining from the temptation of closing the loop and forming a new ring. We disagree with the trend of expanding infrastructures more than needed, which often results in pushing the problem outwards to the next periphery. By reducing investments in new infrastructure, the city can upgrade the existing infrastructure and improve the conditions of the areas adjacent to the ring road.


    On their own, the left over areas and large recreational spaces next to the ring road are valuable landscapes. By creating a system enabling accessibility based on active mobility, these landscapes can finally become usable by citizens. Overlapping these landscapes with the existing urban green network generates the ‘Rotterdam Necklace’, a system of public and accessible open spaces centered around the principle of reclaiming left-over spaces for urban communities.




    The forthcoming by-pass will lead to a decrease of traffic on the A20, and, with time, smart mobility technologies will reduce the space needed by vehicles, decreasing the environmental disturbance of the motorway. The new condition will bring about possibilities for the reuse and reprogramming of infrastructures which will have become redundant. We propose repurposing the highway as an urban road, potentially reducing the amount of the ring road needed to be removed completely. This would allow for the road at city level to be transformed into a park.


    Looking back, in the city recent history it is evident that top-down processes associated with large infrastructure were detached from small scale community-lead initiatives. With our proposal we address the need to connect the large scale with the small scale – government decisions with local community needs. Re-thinking infrastructural spaces can increase quality and generate opportunities for the inhabitants, while providing a larger urban and regional service. 










  11. Seeding memory
    Seoul | South Korea

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    The site’s legacy for Korea, Seoul, and the world is immense. It represents for many the emergence of Korea on the global platform. This history must be respected, but not treated as a static relic. The power of the site must be leveraged to bring forth a rich layer of surfaces and subsurfaces fertile for future legacies. Urban development has been assumed to be delivered from the top and subsequently occupied and interpreted by society. Both top down and bottom up have their power. This proposal uses the strengths of both to influence and co evolve with each other to the benefit of both. A ‘citizen-centered space’ IS an International attraction. Allowing the many existing forces flowing by the site to cohabitate within it will allow the emergence of a competitive ‘internationally exchange district’. Urban ecologies, like natural ones, have life cycles. The strategy is to enhance already assumed large infrastructural gestures to allow space for experimentation, expansion, and even death of spatial programs. The space must not be ‘redesigned’ to be once again static, awaiting its next redesign in 30 years. It must set forth a series of systems to allow for the site to grow and adapt with its city, its country, its people and the global society.

    main diagrams


    The XS generates public life, XL are containers that attract new users.xl-xs

    XS SEEDS. Not pavilions, but activators that can grow, die, or merge.


    Long Lines – various influences on the site. A new transport network of Bus Rapid Transit and Ferry network is formed linking the moving of people to the Han River. The Tancheon River pulls the nature from the distant hills along the site. The Teheran-ro extends the Gangnam business main street into the site. The surrounding residential communities and their inhabitants permeate into the site.

    XL: NATURAL and ARTIFICIAL INFRASTRUCTURES. The extra large elements such stadiums, road infrastructures and river are enhanced sustainy exploited accrodingly to the climatic challanges of the site







  12. Lifelines
    Berat | Albania

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    Approaching an island doesn’t mean to approach a defined fragment of territory. An island is part of the larger organism of the river, and is the river the natural element under our spotlight. The dependence of the Osumi Island to its river is so evident that is not even possible to define the shape of the island, continuously transforming with the varying water levels to the extreme of disappearing. In our proposal we consequentially start by addressing a more resilient water system that can absorb risks and vulnerabilities and develop its own cultural and recreational identity. Osumi Island is part of it; its context makes the island unique. The Unesco heritage site and the urban context integrates with the natural system of the river generating a all new range of possible scenarios and a new cultural gravity which is urban, by nature. 



    Our proposal aims to reconnect cities (in our case Berat) to the river, connection that has faded in many situations, if not even lost. Establish an interdependence is the trigger for addressing urbanites to sustainably take advantage of the water resource rather that a careless exploitation.

    The project redefines the public space of the city of Berat, introducing more space for temporary and fixed uses, related to different programs. Following the logic inTroduced by the project the new bridge, the “frame” and the path connecting Bulvardi Repulika are considered “fixed /established” spaces that offer ground to “temporary / mobile” events.


    The Island adapts itself to the different levels of the water generating an always- changing landscape around and in the pool. While the pool itself gives extra volume for the water to reduce flooding risk, it creates the conditions for a variety of new recreational scenarios.


    The planting species are selected on the basis of different aspects. First of all species are all indigenous and part of the local riparian landscape. They are divided is three categories: (1) plants and trees above the water level, (2) plants on wet soil, temporary flooded, (3) plants constantly on wet soil, often flooded. The species selection is driven by their biological and aesthetic characteristic as capacity to: increase the water quality, consolidate the slopes and decrease the erosion, capability of attracting wildlife, blossoming quality.


    The ‘filter embankment’ is the element that defines the new island. It consists of a layered structure of gravel and stones of different grain sizes. It works as a horizontal filter: the water of the river infiltrates into the embankment before gathering into the water basin. In the inner part, selected vegetation works as a second phytoremediation filter, oxygenating the water and reducing pollutants. The whole system is supported by a steel structure and has a path running on the top.


    The waterfront is a performative urban edge. The runoff water is addressed to the edge, where stepped phytoremediation planting purifies the water before it flows into the river. The sidewalk is enlarged in order to improve the pedestrian experience, and the waterfront is accessible allowing people to finally ‘touch’ the water. An urban dike is added by raising the sidewalk to avoid flooding where the current water edge is too low.


  13. The 24 gardens of Sanlin
    Shanghai | China

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    The Sanlin area on the Pudong side of Shanghai is one of the last green-ish areas along the Hangpu river. How to make use of this special atmosphere? The transformation from a agricultural village mix-use towards a green urban neighborhood offers special opportunities to develop a diverse and sustainable urban park-like development. The existing tapestry can form the basis of a patchwork of gardens, some more park-like others like small neighborhoods with their own character. In the collection of river developments the Sanlin area will then stand out as a green urban park. The Sanlin area can be easily connected to the metropolitan transport system of Shanghai, offering good connections for both inhabitants as visitors.


    The plan is a organize around two main concept: 1. a patchwork of gardens defines the different neighborhoods and 2. a ring park that gives a clear structure and a connective ecological role to the masterplan, connecting it to the Huangpu River area.


    The masterplan is a collection of neighborhoods and parks, that in total create 24 gardens. The landscape diversity gives the structure and the character to the new development.




    BAMBOO ISLANDS. Low residential is here combined with a water high-ecological landscape. Each house has direct access to water; a variety of bamboos’ species are defining the character of the area.


    plot 3-plan

    FLOWER GARDEN. High density residential buildings are arranged into a garden landscape. Each building has its own garden, and each garden has a different design, creating a patchwork that reminds the richness of a botanical garden.



  14. Fields of Potentials
    Milan | Italy

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    Inverse Urbanism is a strategy that aims to address the post-expo without arbitrarily imposing the program; accepting the indeterminacy of the future of the area is essential to envision new scenarios. The goal is to create fields of potentials that like magnetic fields are able to attract quality investments and sustainable development.
    A grid of paths, that follows the Expo structure of the Cardo and Decumano, overlaps with 5 defined areas where a variety of natural processes are activated. Those natural processes define through time 5 different ecosystems: forest ecosystem, wetland ecosystem, agriculture ecosystem, landfill ecosystem and vacant ecosystem.
    The ecosystems and the grid weave a new urban fabric that doesn’t impose itself over the uncertain future of the area but generate a multitude of possible scenarios, where the program is linked to the sustainable exploitation of ecosystem services.
    Inverse Urbanism propose a symbiotic city model where nature is not only seen as romantic neo-pastoral landscape nor as a mere ecological network but rather becomes integral part of a new system where city and nature are inseparably linked by mutual benefit and dependence.

    EXPOST 2030, the ecosystems attract a variety of program.

    A Flexible System that Frames the Development through Time. A. 2016 Traces, B. 2016 The framework: five ecosystems and the grid, C. 2020. Pilot projects to lead the urban process, . 2030. EXPOST, Possible Scenarios


    The Ecosystems and the Grid are the Matrix to Actively Address Programmatic Indeterminacy and Generate a Range of Possible Future Scenarios: Wetland Ecosystem, Landfill Ecosystem, Agriculture Ecosystem, Forest Ecosystem, the Vacant Ecosystem, the Landfill Ecosystem





  15. The Green Valley
    Shenzhen | China

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    Longhua District is located on the symbolic central axis of Shenzhen north of the Civic Center and Futian. However so far the district developed informally, as it was not part of the original Special Economic Zone. Its setting surrounded by green hills offers the opportunity to match the rising desire of Shenzhen people for a better living environment with close connections to nature.
    The open space masterplan connects a number of independent parks into a landscape system that reaches to the nearby mountains, reservoir and river. Shenzhen’s iconic hills and the Guanlan River Eco Corridor [link] will become accessible for recreational outdoor activities.
    Urban design guidelines link the park system with the adjacent development plots in a way usually not achieved in China. The experience of the natural landscape will become part of everyday life, offering relief from hectic urban life, and giving people the opportunity to learn from, appreciate and care for their surroundings.
    The project was supported by an ecological impact assessment to address storm water management, reduce the heat island effect, and positive ecological effects in order to create a healthy and ecological city environment.

    The Green Heart is the area framed by the two Long Lines and is the place where the highest ambition for the integration of landscape and development is concentrated. Very visible from the over-ground metro line, is the core of the Green Valley where the built structure and open landscape interact harmoniously. Five different finger parks, cross the Green Heart in the east-west direction.




    The Water&Hill Park is a highly sustainable park. The eastern part of the park is standing in a low topographical area that allows water collection: recreation here is directly linked with nature and with the educational value of the ecological landscape.


    The Low Line is a vibrant sequence of different urban spaces under the metro line viaduct. The shadow casted from the metro line viaduct protects the underlying part from the strong heat in summer creating a more pleasant microclimate underneath. Different urban spaces are located in the Low Line: sport fields and playgrounds, seasonal and wild gardens.


  16. Dayun New Town
    Shenzhen | China

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    In contemporary Chinese society cars and motorized transportation systems have dramatically limited motor experience of people. Combined with the fact that most of CBD users have a sedentary work, and, cities to their best to reduce any physical activity (stairs have been replaced by escalators) the impact on public health could be substantial.
    The extensive use of cars, of course, is also affecting common health by increased air and sound pollution.
    That’s the background of our proposal: a model where active transportation methods, walking and biking, take central stage in the urban experience. We propose to enhance and make more efficient the public transportation network, and we create the base for a new relation between people and cars, not by separating them, but by reorganizing hierarchy in favour of bikers and pedestrians.
    Many urbanites have lost direct contact with nature. Nature in cities is becoming more and more limited to small patches of manicured green. Losing contact with nature poses several threats to our cities: low resilience to extreme climatic events and high pollution; and to citizens: the ‘lack of experience’ of nature, which has been scientifically proven to be fundamental, especially for kids.
    We propose wild nature as an integral part of the city: a dense vegetation layer of shrubs and trees that will assure a high level of biodiversity by creating the needed conditions for wildlife habitats.
    We take advantage of the sub-tropical climate to establish a lush landscape as an amenity for citizens, as an important ecological connection and to mitigate the meteorological events.



    Dayun lies between natural areas with high ecological value and the urban center of Longgang. Its position is crucial, in the urban scale, for extending the qualities and benefits of nature into the urban setting. A new green fabric follows the shape of the city: the streetscape. Its network structure allows certain resilience and flexibility, and a more extensive influence on urban-ecological.





    Each cluster is defined by its own identity; diversity meets in the streets: various atmospheres and situations distinguish a vibrant public space.









    The main plinth typology will follow the public space structure of the 2 plazas and the boulevard. The secondary plinth typology is meant to activate and regulate some important streets, second in hierarchy to the plazas and boulevard. 




  17. Jianshan Landscape City
    Haining | China

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    The location chosen for the Jianshan New City is situated in a breath-taking natural landscape context, between the hills and river. This provides the opportunity for future dwellers of the new city to have physical and visual contact with the largest scale of natural landscape.
    The different scales and types of landscape both natural and man-made, together form the landscape framework of the plan.
    The primary connections between the hills and the river are formed by four linear parks. Three parks connect into this structure – the central park, the eastern park and the golf park.
    The central park is the main meeting space of the city and is organized into two main parts: densely planted outer edge of forest and he inner area, a collage of different
    functions that will host a number of different activities and programs.
    In the outer part, a web of paths links from the context into the park. In the inner area a large central lake allows visitors direct contact with the water and plays host to a number of water based activities such as fishing, sailing and canoeing. Other areas are dedicated to agriculture, ecology and woodland. There is also a large events space.


    The primary connections between the hills and the river are formed by four linear parks. Three parks connect into this structure – the central park, the eastern park and the golf park. A finer grain network of linear green spaces along the canals create additional green pedestrian and cycle connections in the plan A continuous network of tree-lined streets will create quality addresses, and a green, shady and walkable city.



    A strategy of minimal intervention in the existing water network and the addition of a new central lake in the central park will provide the required water storage in the new city. The water network will be integrated into the landscape and the streetscape, creating urban quality from a water management necessity.


    A strategy of minimal intervention in the existing water network and the addition of a new central lake in the central park will provide the required water storage in the new city. The water network will be integrated into the landscape and the streetscape, creating urban quality from a water management necessity.SCHEMES






  18. Pingdi Low Carbon Campus
    Shenzhen | China

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    The Shenzhen Eco City will showcase some of the most advanced sustainability-related technologies in the world, and the different ways of how these can affect different disciplines and therefore people daily life.
    Sustainability has an extremely important role when it comes to landscape design. Dealing with landscape means to deal with some crucial ecological topics as the protection of natural systems, a resilient water management and enhancement of flora and fauna biological diversity.
    The project starts from this deep understanding of the site background and local conditions. The landscape of Pingdi is not only meant to be the natural setting for the Shenzhen Eco City, but rather it will be part of it, the living part of it.
    The landscape itself will showcase different ap- proaches of how open space design can be inte- grated with sustainability, and, in the same time, will provide space for relaxing and recreation to the many visitors of the site.
    Three different landscapes will here merge creating a rich variety of atmospheres and will provide different functions to the users. Each of the three landscape typology will be driven by a specific sustainable approach of dealing with the open spaces, and will activate new natural processes that will mitigate the presence of Man and the exploitation of the land.

    The North and West area of the site, temporary vacant, will be densely planted with different trees ‘species. This area will be used as a tree nursery: once a new use of the land will be required, the trees will be moved and replanted in the park. The southern part of the site will include a new urban park. It will feature a natural-looking landscape of ponds connected to each other. Those ponds will work as a storage volume for rainwater and grey waters, and they will be cleaned by phytoremediation. The riverfront will be kept as natural as possible, and planted with a wide variety of species enhancing the local biodiversity.





  19. Diverse Networks
    Rotterdam | the Netherlands

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    Public transportation is a shared passenger transportation service which is available for use by the general public. Different systems overlaps to reach every corner of the city forming a network made of lines, nodes and points.
    Rotterdam is very well connected by public transportation system which is formed by bus, metro, railway, tram and covers in total 634 km in length.
    In a biodiversity point of view, the network is a key point for conserving habitats: wildlife (whatever are the species dominating a certain habitat) has to be free to reach ecological cores, the steppingstones, using connections. DIVERSE NETWORKS is based on a very simple question: Which is, in an urban environment, the most extended, existing network? Public transportation! Human networks, in centuries developed and diversified to reach even the more remote part of the city. DIVERSE NETWORKS propose to reuse, adapt and reinvent public transportation network to make them suitable for both humans and biodiversity. Intriguing new designs can be developed for flexible structures, like bus stops and metro stations which provide shelter for the passengers and forage conditions for birds. Street profiles can be smartly re-imagined to be useful for busses and trams and in the same time highways for insects. Railways will grow greener and will be repopulated with butterflies and dragonflies.



    By reusing public transportation infrastructures, Diverse Networks aims to restore biodiversity. In facts, in our cities built areas, industrial sites and transport infrastructures fragmentise natural habitats. This disconnected landscape results in an extremely poor urban ecosystem made of unconnected ecological niches. Diverse Networks it’s not a new green superimposed green infrastructure, but rather a new hybrid system that can combine the need of a shared passengers networks together with a densely spread ecological system.






    GIS mapping are showing the scientific base of Diverse Networks. The typologies of vegetation, the location and extension of the different species, the maintenance regime to which they are subject are all informations needed to understand the ecological potential of the city and consequently guiding the strategy.